Notice: Undefined index: HTTP_REFERER in /home/u1m0hixhuuj7/public_html/wp-content/themes/beautypress-child/beautypress-child.theme#archive on line 43
  • (512) 528-5528
  • info@spanishoakseyecare.com

Myopia

What is myopia?

Myopia occurs when the eyeball is too long. This results in blurred vision when looking at distant objects. It is important to understand the relationship between axial length (length of their eyes) and myopia in order to properly diagnose and treat vision problems.

Myopia is often called ‘short-sightedness’ or ‘near-sightedness’. It arises from a combination of genetic and environmental factors, with the axial length being among the most significant.

What is axial length of the eye?

Normally, children are far-sighted after birth. In the first years of life, the eye grows until the focus is located on the retina. This is normal vision. Once this condition has been reached, they eye should stop growing. However, if the eye continues to grow, near-sightedness develops.

Axial length is an important measurement of the eye that is used to diagnose and monitor myopia. It is the distance from the front of the cornea to the back of the eye and is measured in millimeters using a specific piece of equipment (at Spanish Oaks Eyecare we use the Myopia Master). A normal axial eye length for an ADULT is 23 to 23.5mm, with males showing 0.5mm longer eyes than females. If it gets to more than 26mm this dramatically increases the risk of vision problems in adulthood.

Is myopia going to get worse as kids get older?

Generally, myopia first occurs in school-age children. Because the eye continues to grow during childhood, it typically progresses until about age 20. However, myopia may also develop in adults due to visual stress or health conditions. The younger a child is when myopia starts, the faster it tends to progress to higher levels of myopia over time.
Once near-sightedness reaches -6.00 diopters OR the eye length reaches or exceeds 26 mm, one is considered to be extremely near-sighted.

Is myopia going to get worse as kids get older?

Generally, myopia first occurs in school-age children. Because the eye continues to grow during childhood, it typically progresses until about age 20. However, myopia may also develop in adults due to visual stress or health conditions. The younger a child is when myopia starts, the faster it tends to progress to higher levels of myopia over time.
Once near-sightedness reaches -6.00 diopters OR the eye length reaches or exceeds 26 mm, one is considered to be extremely near-sighted.

Does screen time make myopia worse?

Although screen time is challenging to manage, especially with virtual learning, it impacts kids’ vision. School-aged children who spend 7+ hours per week or more using computers or mobile video games tripled their risk for myopia.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology offers evidence that at least part of the worldwide increase in myopia has to do with near work activities such as looking at screens and books.

Is myopia hereditary?

There is a 25% chance that a child will develop myopia if one parent is myopic. That risk doubles to 50% if both are myopic.

Will my child go blind?

A diopter is the unit used to measure the correction, or focusing power, of the lens your eye requires. High myopia, which is defined as greater than −6.00D, may raise your child’s risk of developing more severe sight conditions later in life, such as cataracts, detached retinas, and glaucoma. Left untreated, high myopia complications can lead to blindness, so myopia management is critical.

What effect did COVID-19 have on vision?

The worry of myopia in children has increased even further with the rise of virtual learning and more time indoors due to COVID-19. The pandemic worsened the number of children at risk of nearsightedness.

Is spending more time outdoors enough?

Spending more time outdoors typically goes hand-in-hand with decreased screen time. Together these factors can support kids’ healthy vision. Yet, to truly understand if your child has myopia and needs more to treat it, it’s imperative to take your child to myopia management specialist for their eye care.

How much time should children spend outdoors?

Spending time outdoors is important for both reducing the risk of a child becoming myopic as well as reducing the risk of fast progression, or worsening, once a child is myopic. The American Optometric Association suggests anywhere from one to three more hours of outdoor activity a day to help protect eyesight. Experts such as Dr. Gifford, a clinical optometrist and director of MyopiaProfile.com, recommend spending at least 90 minutes a day outdoors. Increased time spent outdoors by children can slow myopia progression and may decrease the risk of new myopia onset by 50%.

Is myopia curable? Will treatment improve my child’s myopia?

Conventional glasses (even bifocal and progressive glasses), correct vision, but they do not slow down the progression of myopia or address the underlying issue that the eye is growing too long. So, what can we do? We can look to myopia management.

Will wearing glasses make myopia (near-sightedness) worse?

Studies show that wearing an old/under corrected prescription can actually cause myopia to progress more quickly!

Traditional eyeglasses do not solve the root cause of vision problems. They are simply aids that correct vision for people who have refractive errors. Specialized treatments are available for children who suffer from myopia.

Phone: (512) 528-5528
Email: info@spanishoakseyecare.com 

Address: 13625 Ronald Reagan Blvd

Bldg 8, Ste 200

Cedar Park, TX 78613

Hours:
Monday – Friday 8 am – 5 pm

Closed daily 12 to 1 for lunch

Email Us

Call Us

Text Us

13625 Ronald Reagan Blvd, Bldg 8, Ste 200, Cedar Park TX 78613